Convert float to binary arduino robot

Prefixing each command with a unique letter can make it easy to differentiate what the following string is supposed to do. C strings are arrays of char data types. Without the NULL character at the end, there is no way for any function to know how long the string is.

For example, a print function would print the string and then a bunch of garbage characters until it gets to a NULL or the end of the memory available. In this case, it's less likely for that to happen since we are only using atol, which will only read until there is a non-numeric character.

A non-numeric byte is more likely to randomly be at the end of the string than a NULL character. Converting a single character to a number takes advantage of how characters are stored, which is typically in a format called ASCII.

Except that when printed, it is not a decimal number. The number in the int is translated into a letter on the screen according to a table. For example, the decimal number 97 is translated into the letter 'a'.

Each letter is really stored as a 'number'. I'm showing it as a decimal base 10 number, but it is really stored in binary base 2. Since ASCII stores the letters sequentially, starting at 0, just subtract the value where 0 begins from each of the characters to convert it to its numeric form.

This works regardless of the base of the character storage. Now, each of the letters from right to left need to be multiplied by a power of Here is the basic idea of what atol does:. View the discussion thread. Skip to main content. Robotic Controls About Learn Contact. Reading Numbers From Serial.

Submitted by Evan Boldt on Sun, Introduction Reading numbers from serial on an Arduino is needed surprisingly commonly. I downloaded the code from arduino. However, I make use of floating variables, and I was wondering if that slowed it down significantly enough to matter.

The program works like a champ, which I'm happy about, but I'm also one who likes code to be as optimized as possible. Can someone take a look at my sketch and let me know if the "float"s are a problem?

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By Runaround Wed, First of all, I'have never programmed arduino. But I try to help you, if possible. By Mr Clean Wed, The original code made it an unsigned long, but I changed it since I thought he was only doing it that way to write to the serial port.

By Bubbles Sat, By ndupont Sat, By rik Sat, Two in the binary number system is written as "10". And so is ten in the decimal number system. Now for the computer bit dang! Use this code to divide lotsacandy over kids: By ezekiel Sun, Thanks Rik, nice explanation of what the bit shifting can do. By Addy Sat, Just to add in here, the floating point library adds another 11kb or so to program size, which is terribly inefficient.

I don't know if the arduino has it's own lib for that, but for plain AVR's that's how it goes. Shout Box Register and login to chat with other members. You have to be logged in to chat. User login Log in using OpenID: Create new account Request new password.

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